stoops, stoup, stupes

The words stoops, stoup, stupes sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do stoops, stoup, stupes sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: stoops, stoup, stupes are homophones of the English language.

stoops
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of stoop.

  2. :: verb

    Third-person singular simple present indicative form of stoop.

  3. :: verb

    See steups (West Indian slang)

stoup
  1. :: noun

    Ecclesiastical A basin or font for holy water at the entrance of a church.

  2. :: noun

    A drinking vessel, such as a cup or tankard.

  3. :: noun

    Scots A bucket or pail.

stupes
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of stupe.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").