sighs , size

The words sighs , size sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do sighs , size sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: sighs , size are homophones of the English language.

sighs
  1. :: verb-intransitive

    To exhale audibly in a long deep breath, as in weariness or relief.

  2. :: verb-intransitive

    To emit a similar sound: willows sighing in the wind.

  3. :: verb-intransitive

    To feel longing or grief; yearn: sighing for their lost youth.

  4. :: verb-transitive

    To express with or as if with an audible exhalation.

size
  1. :: noun

    The physical dimensions, proportions, magnitude, or extent of an object.

  2. :: noun

    Any of a series of graduated categories of dimension whereby manufactured articles, such as shoes and clothing, are classified.

  3. :: noun

    Considerable extent, amount, or dimensions: a debt of enormous size.

  4. :: noun

    Relative amount or number, as of population or contents: What size is Cleveland?

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").