gased, gassed, gast

The words gased, gassed, gast sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do gased, gassed, gast sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: gased, gassed, gast are homophones of the English language.

gased
  1. :: verb

    Third-person singular simple present indicative form of gas.

  2. :: noun

    Plural form of gas.

gassed
  1. :: adjective

    Slang Drunk or intoxicated.

gast
  1. :: verb-transitive

    Obsolete To frighten; scare.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").