The words tenuis, tenuous sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do tenuis, tenuous sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: tenuis, tenuous are homophones of the English language.
Linguistics A voiceless stop.
Linguistics A voiceless unaspirated stop in ancient Greek.
Long and thin; slender: tenuous strands.
Having a thin consistency; dilute.
Having little substance; flimsy: a tenuous argument.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.