stoop, stoup, stupe

The words stoop, stoup, stupe sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do stoop, stoup, stupe sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: stoop, stoup, stupe are homophones of the English language.

stoop
  1. :: verb-intransitive

    To bend forward and down from the waist or the middle of the back: had to stoop in order to fit into the cave.

  2. :: verb-intransitive

    To walk or stand, especially habitually, with the head and upper back bent forward.

  3. :: verb-intransitive

    To bend or sag downward.

  4. :: verb-intransitive

    To lower or debase oneself.

stoup
  1. :: noun

    Ecclesiastical A basin or font for holy water at the entrance of a church.

  2. :: noun

    A drinking vessel, such as a cup or tankard.

  3. :: noun

    Scots A bucket or pail.

stupe
  1. :: noun

    A hot, wet, often medicated cloth used as a compress.

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").