squalor, squaller

The words squalor, squaller sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do squalor, squaller sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: squalor, squaller are homophones of the English language.

squaller
  1. :: noun

    One who squalls; a crier, complainer, or bad singer.

squalor
  1. :: noun

    A filthy and wretched condition or quality.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").