The words spear, speer sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do spear, speer sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: spear, speer are homophones of the English language.
A weapon consisting of a long shaft with a sharply pointed end.
A shaft with a sharp point and barbs for spearing fish.
A soldier armed with a spear.
To pierce with or as if with a spear.
to ask, to inquire
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.