sodder, solder

The words sodder, solder sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do sodder, solder sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: sodder, solder are homophones of the English language.

sodder
  1. :: verb-intransitive

    To be joined or united.

  2. :: verb-intransitive

    To unite or repair something with solder.

  3. :: verb-transitive

    To join or unite: The agreement soldered the factions into an alliance.

  4. :: verb-transitive

    To unite or repair (parts, for example) with solder.

solder
  1. :: verb-intransitive

    To be joined or united.

  2. :: verb-intransitive

    To unite or repair something with solder.

  3. :: verb-transitive

    To join or unite: The agreement soldered the factions into an alliance.

  4. :: verb-transitive

    To unite or repair (parts, for example) with solder.

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").