The words shone, shown sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do shone, shown sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: shone, shown are homophones of the English language.
A past tense and a past participle of shine.
A past participle of show.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.