scyes, scythes, sighs , size

The words scyes, scythes, sighs , size sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do scyes, scythes, sighs , size sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: scyes, scythes, sighs , size are homophones of the English language.

scyes
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of <xref>scye</xref>.

scythes
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of <xref>scythe</xref>.

sighs
  1. :: verb

    Third-person singular simple present indicative form of <xref>sigh</xref>.

  2. :: noun

    Plural form of <xref>sigh</xref>.

size
  1. :: noun

    Extent of superficies or volume; bulk; bigness; magnitude.

  2. :: noun

    An allowance of food and drink from the buttery, aside from the regular dinner at commons; -- corresponding to <ex>battel</ex> at Oxford.

  3. :: noun

    A settled quantity or allowance. See <xref urlencoded="assize">assize</xref>.

  4. :: intransitive verb

    To order food or drink from the buttery; hence, to enter a score, as upon the buttery book.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License., from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English. and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").