The words prayed, preyed sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do prayed, preyed sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: prayed, preyed are homophones of the English language.
Simple past tense and past participle of pray.
Simple past tense and past participle of prey.
Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.