The words poled, polled sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do poled, polled sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: poled, polled are homophones of the English language.
Simple past tense and past participle of pole.
Having no horns; hornless.
Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.