The words miners, minors sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do miners, minors sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: miners, minors are homophones of the English language.
Plural form of miner.
Plural form of minor.
Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.