fleche, flesh

The words fleche, flesh sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do fleche, flesh sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: fleche, flesh are homophones of the English language.

fleche
  1. :: noun

    Alternative spelling of flèche.

flesh
  1. :: noun

    The surface or skin of the human body.

  2. :: noun

    The soft tissue of the body of a vertebrate, covering the bones and consisting mainly of skeletal muscle and fat.

  3. :: noun

    The meat of animals as distinguished from the edible tissue of fish or fowl.

  4. :: noun

    Botany The pulpy, usually edible part of a fruit or vegetable.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").