fother, father

The words fother, father sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do fother, father sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: fother, father are homophones of the English language.

father
  1. :: noun

    A male person whose sperm unites with an egg, resulting in the conception of a child.

  2. :: noun

    A man who adopts a child.

  3. :: noun

    A man who raises a child.

  4. :: noun

    A male parent of an animal.

fother
  1. :: noun

    a wagonload; a load of any sort.

  2. :: noun

    an old English measure of lead or other metals, usually containing 19.5 hundredweight; a fodder.

  3. :: noun

    Food for animals.

  4. :: verb

    To feed animals (with fother).

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").