The words descendence, descendents sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do descendence, descendents sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: descendence, descendents are homophones of the English language.
The act of descending.
Common misspelling of descendants.
Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.