currant, current

The words currant, current sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do currant, current sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: currant, current are homophones of the English language.

  1. :: noun

    Any of various deciduous, spineless shrubs of the genus Ribes, native chiefly to the Northern Hemisphere and having flowers in racemes and edible, variously colored berries.

  2. :: noun

    The fruits of any of these plants, used for jams, jellies, desserts, or beverages.

  3. :: noun

    A small seedless raisin of the Mediterranean region, used chiefly in baking.

  4. :: noun

    Any of several other plants or their fruit.

  1. :: adjective

    Belonging to the present time: current events; current leaders.

  2. :: adjective

    Being in progress now: current negotiations.

  3. :: adjective

    Passing from one to another; circulating: current bills and coins.

  4. :: adjective

    Prevalent, especially at the present time: current fashions. See Synonyms at prevailing.

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").