chaste, chased

The words chaste, chased sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do chaste, chased sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: chaste, chased are homophones of the English language.

chased
  1. :: verb

    Simple past tense and past participle of chase.

chaste
  1. :: adjective

    Morally pure in thought or conduct; decent and modest.

  2. :: adjective

    Not having experienced sexual intercourse; virginal.

  3. :: adjective

    Abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse.

  4. :: adjective

    Abstaining from all sexual intercourse; celibate.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").