The words sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: are homophones of the English language.

Definitions and Wordnik.


About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").