seize, c's, cees, seas, sees

The words seize, c's, cees, seas, sees sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do seize, c's, cees, seas, sees sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: seize, c's, cees, seas, sees are homophones of the English language.

c's
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of c.

cees
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of cee., the name of the letter C.

seas
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of sea.

sees
  1. :: verb

    Third-person singular simple present indicative form of see.

  2. :: noun

    Plural form of see.

seize
  1. :: verb-transitive

    To grasp suddenly and forcibly; take or grab: seize a sword.

  2. :: verb-transitive

    To grasp with the mind; apprehend: seize an idea and develop it to the fullest extent.

  3. :: verb-transitive

    To possess oneself of (something): seize an opportunity.

  4. :: verb-transitive

    To have a sudden overwhelming effect on: a heinous crime that seized the minds and emotions of the populace.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").