The words bolder, boulder sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do bolder, boulder sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: bolder, boulder are homophones of the English language.
comparative form of bold: more bold
A large rounded mass of rock lying on the surface of the ground or embedded in the soil.
Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.