boar, boer, bore

The words boar, boer, bore sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do boar, boer, bore sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: boar, boer, bore are homophones of the English language.

boar
  1. :: noun

    An uncastrated male pig.

  2. :: noun

    The adult male of any of several mammals, such as the beaver, raccoon, or guinea pig.

  3. :: noun

    The wild boar.

boer
  1. :: noun

    A Dutch colonist or descendant of a Dutch colonist in South Africa.

bore
  1. :: noun

    A drilling tool.

  2. :: verb-transitive

    To make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill.

  3. :: verb-transitive

    To form (a tunnel, for example) by drilling, digging, or burrowing.

  4. :: verb-intransitive

    To make a hole in or through something with or as if with a drill: "three types of protein that enable the cells to bore in and out of blood vessels” ( Elisabeth Rosenthal).

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").