The words belligerence, belligerents sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do belligerence, belligerents sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: belligerence, belligerents are homophones of the English language.
A hostile or warlike attitude, nature, or inclination; belligerency.
Plural form of belligerent.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.