baste, based

The words baste, based sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do baste, based sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: baste, based are homophones of the English language.

based
  1. :: adjective

    founded on; having a basis; often used in combining forms

  2. :: verb

    Simple past tense and past participle of base.

  3. :: verb

    Being derived from (usually followed by on or upon).

  4. :: verb

    Having a base

baste
  1. :: verb-transitive

    To sew loosely with large running stitches so as to hold together temporarily.

  2. :: verb-transitive

    To moisten (meat, for example) periodically with a liquid, such as melted butter or a sauce, especially while cooking.

  3. :: verb-transitive

    To beat vigorously; thrash. See Synonyms at beat.

  4. :: verb-transitive

    To lambaste.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").