The words adventuress, adventurous sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do adventuress, adventurous sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: adventuress, adventurous are homophones of the English language.
A woman who seeks social and financial advancement by unscrupulous means. See Usage Note at -ess.
Inclined to undertake new and daring enterprises.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.