The words tighten, titan sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do tighten, titan sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: tighten, titan are homophones of the English language.
To make or become tight or tighter.
Something or someone of very large stature, greatness, or godliness.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.